Indonesia, the world’s largest archipelago nation, is known for its rich cultural heritage and diversity. With over 17,000 islands and more than 300 ethnic groups, the country is a melting pot of cultures, languages, religions, and traditions. In this article, we explore the concept of “Bhineka Tunggal Ika,” which translates to “Unity in Diversity” and serves as the national motto of Indonesia.
Understanding Bhineka Tunggal Ika
Bhineka Tunggal Ika is derived from the Old Javanese language and is taken from an ancient Javanese scripture called the “Sutasoma.” It was later introduced as the national motto of Indonesia during the country’s struggle for independence in the early 20th century.
The philosophy behind Bhineka Tunggal Ika emphasizes the importance of unity and tolerance among diverse communities. It promotes the acceptance and respect of differences, including religious, ethnic, linguistic, and cultural variations.
Indonesia’s founding fathers recognized the significance of this principle in building a harmonious and inclusive nation. They believed that by embracing diversity, Indonesia could harness its collective strength and achieve social cohesion.