Indonesia is known for its rich cultural heritage, and one aspect that stands out is the traditional houses found in different regions of the country. Each province has its unique architectural style and design, reflecting the local culture and traditions. Kalimantan Timur, also known as East Kalimantan, is no exception. This province located in the eastern part of Borneo Island is home to several traditional houses, or “rumah adat,” that showcase the diversity and beauty of the local culture.
1. Rumah Lamin
Rumah Lamin is one of the most well-known traditional houses in Kalimantan Timur. It is the traditional house of the Dayak Kenyah tribe, one of the indigenous tribes in East Kalimantan. Rumah Lamin is built on stilts and has a unique structure that represents the tribe’s belief system and social hierarchy.
The design of Rumah Lamin features a longhouse-style structure, where multiple families live under one roof. The house is made entirely of wood, with intricate carvings and decorations adorning the walls and pillars. The roof is made of palm fibers or ironwood shingles, creating a distinct look.
The interior of Rumah Lamin is divided into several sections, including the living area, sleeping area, and storage area. Each section has its specific purpose and is separated by partitions made of woven bamboo or wood.